Fast Library Approximate Nearest Neighbor (FLANN) algorithm was proposed by Marius Muja and David G. Lowe.

FLANN is a way to solve the nearest neighbor search (NNS), also known as proximity search, similarity search or closest point search, is an optimization problem for finding closest points in metric spaces. Donald Knuth in vol. 3 of The Art of Computer Programming (1973) called it the post-office problem, referring to an application of assigning to a residence the nearest post office.

A simple way to solve the nearest neighbor problem is by the k-NN algorithm, but k-NN will not work in very complex problems such as matching SIFT or SURF keypoints. An intermediate solution is to use KD-trees.

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